ONE WORLD, ONE NATION TO END HUNGER AND POVERTY AT 2025

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The below article was presented to Mr.CP Joshi, Minister for Road Transport & Highways, India through  Google+ Hangout on  Mar 29, 2013  

Road Traffic Accidents Statistics

 

 Over 1.2 million (12 lakhs) people die each year on the world’s roads, and between 20 and 50 million suffer non-fatal injuries. More than 2, 60,000 children die as a result of road traffic crashes each year, and it is estimated that a further 10 million or more are non-fatally injured. Road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death (from all types of diseases and injuries) among 10–19 year olds. Source : World Health Organization, Geneva, 2009. 

Road traffic fatalities are forecast to increase over the next ten years from a current level of more than 1.3 million to more than 1.9 million by 2020. Source : Commission for Global Road Safety.

 

  62% of reported road traffic deaths occur in 10 countries. India, china and USA are first three.

 

 India accounts for about 10% of road accident fatalities worldwide, More than 10 lakhs people who survive major accidents every year. India - Reported road traffic fatalities (2006) 1,05,725 (84% males, 16% females). Road traffic injuries are one of the top three causes of death for people aged between 5 and 44 Years.

During 2010, 499,628 road accidents were reported by all States/ Union Territories (UTs) of these, about 23.9% (119,558) were fatal accidents. The number of persons killed in road accidents was 134,513, Injured  527,512,  i.e. an average of one fatality per 3.7 accidents. The proportion of fatal accidents in total road accidents has consistently increased since 2001 from 17.6% to 23.9% in 2010.

As per the statistics, there is one death on the Indian road every six minutes and this is expected to escalate to one death every three minutes by 2020.

Every crash or injury has long-term consequences. When a breadwinner dies, families (at least 4 persons) lose the income they need to maintain Nutrition, purchase essential medicines, or meet the cost of keeping children in school and their futures?  The medical bills that come with road traffic injury can plunge households into debt and trap them in poverty. And then there are the mental scars.

Road traffic death and injury are strongly associated with poverty in all countries irrespective of income level.

Intake of alcohol / drugs by drivers resulted in 31,000 road accidents and 9,976 fatalities. As a proportion of total accidents and deaths due to ‘drivers’ fault’, intake of alcohol/drugs accounted for 8.0 per cent and 9.9 per cent, respectively.

Overloading/overcrowding of vehicles accounted for 109,357 road accidents and 31,974 road deaths. As a share of total road accidents and deaths, these figures constituted 21.9 per cent and 23.8 per cent.

Teenage drivers are at increased risk because of their age and risk-taking behavior, including drinking and driving, speeding, distractions while driving, and fatigue.

The analysis of road accidents in terms of causal factors reveals that drivers’ fault is the single most important factor responsible for accidents, fatalities and injuries. Drivers’ fault accounted for 78.0 % (389,885 accidents) of total accidents; 74.6 % (100,319) of the total number of persons killed and 79.8 % (420,823) of the total number of persons injured in road accidents during 2010. Within the category of drivers’ fault, accidents caused and persons killed due to ‘Exceeding lawful speed’, accounted for a high share of 58.3 per cent (227,307 out of 389,885) accidents caused by drivers’ fault) and 56.0 per cent (56,203 out of 100,319), respectively. Source : Ministry Of Road Transport And Highways

 

Over Speed and Overtaking cause 75% of fatalities and injuries.

 

Over Speed is 100% fault of driver and he is fully responsible for the accidents, when innocents are killed by the over speed vehicle. We must punish him under IPC 302.  Minimum of  Rs15, 000 penalties is required for over speed and drink and drive. We must hold the vehicle idle at least one week, if any heavy commercial / Passenger vehicle booked for fatality accident, then cease the vehicle to court custody, doesn’t provide any insurance amt to vehicle owner. The vehicle value should be credited to fatality account.

                                                                                                                                                          

A person who does not follow road rules often kills or disables another innocent person on the road. Many law-abiding citizens are killed for no fault of theirs. It is the Government’s responsibility to safeguard its citizens and make our roads safer for them. If a drunken person kills another person, it is considered murder but if a drunken driver kills a whole family on the road due to negligent driving, he can get away with a minimal fine. This is a serious lapse of law in our country. We all know how easy it is to get a driving license in India. We also know how easy it is to escape after a road offence in India. RTO Offices are traditionally considered to be one of the biggest centers of corruption and bribe in India.  Source:  Indian Orthopedic Association.


Unaware of road rules and not knowing the value of human life, it will cause to kill innocent passengers and their family future.  All Public / Commercial carrier drivers should have through knowledge about road traffic rules, ability to understand about vehicle stability control factors, How to change lane Speed and overtaking safely, predict the behavior of co-vehicles, calculate to control the unexpected situation on road and humanities . 


Provide driving license after passing the detailed examination, Training centers to enforced to teach by Photos, accident simulations, presentation of over Speed and overtaking accidental impacts, through knowledge about riding, load capacity, vehicle speed stability, all type road rules and human safety before given license. Create new laws and rules for training and license issuing.

Create nationalized vehicle registration system and computerised Proximity Number Plate reading. Easy to vehicle identification, Tracking, Monitoring the movement any where in India trough all tollways and controlling number duplicating and more..


SPEED LIMITS (Speed may Kill you)    

 

Any vehicles cross speed 30 km/h lead to kill someone. Report by WHO - 2010

Note: For all commercial / passenger vehicles Speed max 60 Km/H and 10 Hour continues driving is enough to reach 400 to 550 Km in half day.  It was enough speed for all type of vehicle as it is our Indian road conditions and considering the number one in fatalities ratio and injuries of our valuable life and future. We must implement speed limit law carefully and strictly.

Consider and reset the Speed Limit laws like follows.

 

Overtaking     

Most of the accidents happen while wrong calculation on overtaking.  Overtaking must be done by getting permission from front vehicle driver (even want to overtake a bike). Provide signal through Long horn, light indicator.  Government given license to a person without teaches and examines complete road rules, which will provide license to kill public. 

Important Note : A driver must not overtake a vehicle unless, The driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic Lane, and confirm the overtaken lane is clear from breakdown vehicles, slow moving vehicle and road bend, don’t assume, driver must insure the visibility of approaching lane up to 150 Meters. Don’t do overtake at night, while your vehicle speed exceeds 80 Km/H. Put signal before 5 seconds to overtake and maintain at least 10 meters gap behind.

 Two Wheelers:  

    

A.    All type of two wheelers is made for single person ride with all protected equipments like helmet, shoe and covered jerkins.  Also rider must keep dedicated lane, not in heavy vehicle lane.

B.    Don’t allow to carry kids below 3 years by two wheeler. Unsafe pillion ride lead to permanent illness or death.

C.     We must generate a Law for not to allow the individual (kids) pillion rider age under 7, because they cant control the sleep while pillion rides. Also they don’t have strength to catch the rider’s body or hook safely more than 10 munities, its painful job for kids.

Wearing a seat-belt 

Wearing a seat-belt reduces the risk of death among front-seat passengers by 40-65% and can reduce deaths among rear-seat car occupants by 25-75%.  

The use of child restraints (infant seats, child seats and booster seats) can reduce deaths of children by between 54% and 80% in the event of a crash. The report shows that although basic laws for road safety exists in India, their enforcement is extremely weak. Enforcement of wearing of seat belts for passengers of cars scored 2 out of a scale of 10.  Child restraint laws are not existent in India This can be possible only by strict enforcement of laws by the Government.

Solutions: -

All heavy vehicles and slow moving vehicle must use left extreme lane of road. They must co operate with other vehicle to overtake easily. Left end road user must give hand signal to other lane overtaker.

 

When the breakdown vehicle kept idle on middle of the road, tries to move left end, war foot arrangement for Removing of breakdown/damaged vehicles from road, immediately by recovery vehicle. When your vehicle stopped on road you must put two sets of red warning triangles behind the vehicle at least >10 meters gap between your vehicle, Irrespective of road type (at least small size stones or wooden piece).

 

Ambulances to provide immediate first-aid during golden hour to the accident victims and subsequent transfer of the accident victim to the nearest hospital/trauma care centre.  Availability of patrolling vehicles at every 50 kms is required to enforce the laws, and control the Lane discipline and speed Limit supervise.

Vehicle manufacturers and assemblers should make the vehicle to start only after wearing seat-belts in both front and rear seats of all vehicles. Mandatory laws for wearing a motorcycle helmet correctly can reduce the risk of death by almost 40% and the risk of severe injury by over 70%.

 

Large size mirrors, lights, indicators, reflectors and number plate lighting should be clean and in good working condition so that one can see clearly and be seen at all times.

 

Drivers must have valid physical examination certificates for fitness.  In case of any type of fatality accident the vehicle owner must be produced in the court (This will increase the owner responsibilities on vehicle maintenance and driving habits).

 

RTO’s should not provide FC to outdated vehicle like above 8 years old.  Accidents due to tyre bursting break failure and unconditional parts, the vehicle must be ceased and reasonable value to be given to fatalities family. 

                                                                                                           

State Police resources must be used effectively and efficiently to maximize the value of law enforcement operations targeting speeding. But in general enforcement practices must work towards strict, fair and consistent enforcement. After an initial public warning period, police enforcement should be strict, nondiscriminatory, fair and consistent. This will (eventually) lead to a permanent change in driver and rider habits (not just short-term), on highways, or where police enforcement can be anticipated. If there is no enforcement there will be limited or no compliance. Source: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Switzerland

Driving Training School/Institutes must change the education pattern as per current scenario like simulation.

 Availability of Low cost quality Road Safety Equipments like first aid kit, red warning triangles, fire extinguisher,  Fluorescent jackets and reflecting stickers.

Create more Trauma care Centers, Way-side Amenities and rest rooms and free eye check specialty for all.

Control from production of commercial vehicle speed limit not exceeds 60 km/hr.

Control from production of all type of cars speed limit not exceeds 100 km/hr.

Control from production of Bikes speed limit not exceeds 60 km/hr.

Government wants to reduce the taxes and registration value for speed controlled vehicles. 

Change the issue of driving license rules and regulations.

Parent and Schools should educate and train the child about road traffic rules, mainly how to overtake, speed control, wearing helmet and seat belts.

 Media people and government should educate the people to get awareness of road safety. The rules of the road are for all road users – drivers, pedestrians, motorcyclists, cyclists, bullakarts and horse riders. You must have a satisfactory knowledge of these rules to get a driving license.

Prepared By,

Raaja.

Sources: Commission For Global Road Safety, Ministry Of Road Transport And Highways, Indian Orthopedic Association, Road Safety Authority, NL and UN – WHO 2010 Survey.