ONE WORLD, ONE NATION TO END HUNGER AND POVERTY AT 2025

Click here to edit subtitle

Water is the most important element for living world, 



When water is available any where, we can easily fight against hunger and poverty.  Surface water is the main source to produce food grains and vegetable at low cost. Which is lead to create more employment in agri related work and low priced food items. 



What is Water?

 

Water is a chemical compound with the chemical formula H2O. A water molecule contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms connected by covalent bonds. Water is a liquid at standard ambient temperature and pressure, but it often co-exists on Earth with its solid state, ice, and gaseous state (water vapor or steam). Water also exists in a liquid crystal state near hydrophilic surfaces.

 

Needed of Water

 

Fundamental Human Rights: Water is a human right. AIR, WATER and FOOD are first Three Basic Elements to all living things / livelihoods in this earth. Water is the main input of our body to hydrate and fulfill the needs of minerals.  Minerals found in drinking water are known as "inorganic."


The human body is 70% – 90% water. Our bodies are made up of water: this is why water is so important for our organism. Not drinking water or liquids for just a few days can have serious consequences on our health. Source : UNESCO 


Per capita of availability of water less than 1700 m3 is considered as a “stress” level.


Water scarcity less than 1,000 m3 per capita per annum.

 

Problems of pure water scarcity.

 

  • Every 8 seconds a child dies from a water related disease

 

  • 90% of waste water in developing countries discharges untreated into rivers and streams

 

  • Half the world’s hospital beds are occupied by people suffering from water-borne diseases

 

  • Disease and death related to polluted coastal waters costs the global economy US $16 billion a year

 

  • In India, Diarrhoea alone causes more than 1,600 deaths daily. It is the same as eight 200-person jumbo-jets crashing to the ground each day.

 

Worldwide, 1.8 million children die each year from diarrhea - 4,900 deaths each day. Every year more than 5 million people die of illnesses linked to unsafe drinking water, improper excreta disposal and unclean domestic environments. Estimates say that 21 per cent of communicable diseases in India are related to unsafe water.  http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com,  Jan 14, 2008.

 

The world’s water supply is a scarce commodity. Right now, more than one billion people lack access to safe drinking water. Nearly 2.5 billion do not have proper sanitation facilities. Water-related diseases are the leading cause of death, killing more than 14,000 people each day and causing more than 80% of all illness. Growing demands from industry, agriculture and people are making water even more precious-the oil of the 21st century.

Source : http://www.un.org/summit/water.html

 

In 2030, 47% of world population will be living in areas of high water stress. Most population growth will occur in developing countries, mainly in regions that are already experiencing water stress and in areas with limited access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation facilities.  Source: WWDR, 2012

In developing countries four-fifths of all the illnesses are caused by water-borne diseases, with diarrhoea being the leading cause of childhood death.

Readmore:http://www.lenntech.com/library/diseases/diseases/waterborne- diseases.

 

Sanitation and hygiene-related diseases account for some 2,213,000 deaths annually and an annual loss of 82,196,000 Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs)  (R. Bos, Dec. 2004).

 

UN - WHO estimates indicate that worldwide over 2 billion people are infected with schistosomes and soil transmitted helminthes and 300 million of these suffer serious illness as a result.

 

Diarrhoea occurs worldwide and causes 4% of all deaths and 5% of the health loss to disability.

 

In Bangladesh alone, some 35 million people are exposed, on a daily basis, to elevated levels of arsenic in their drinking water, which will ultimately threaten their health and shorten their life expectancy.

Readmore: http://www.lenntech.com/library/diseases/diseases/waterborne-diseases.htm#ixzz1cUTnF1W6

 

Water realated diseases:

 

Anaemia, Arsenicosis, Ascariasis, Botulism, Campylobacteriosis, Cholera, Cryptosporiodiosis, Cyanobacterial toxins, Dengue, Diarrhoea Dracunculiasis, Fluorosis, Giardiasis, Hepatitis, Hookworm infection, Japanese encephalitis, Lead poisoning, Legionellosis, Leptospirosis Lymphatic filariasis, Malaria, Malnutrition, Methaemoglobinemia, Onchocerciasis, Polio, Ring Worm or Tinea, Scabies, Schistomiasis, Trachoma, Trichuriasis & Typhoid.

Read more: http://www.lenntech.com/library/diseases/diseases/waterborne-diseases.htm#ixzz1cUTePNpU

 

Resources

 

Water is a precious resource. 

 

The total volume of water on Earth is about 1400 million km3 of which only 2.5 per cent, or about 35 million km3, is freshwater (Most freshwater occurs in the form of permanent ice or snow, locked up in Antarctica and Greenland, or in deep groundwater aquifers).

 

The replenishment of freshwater depends on evaporation from the surface of the oceans. About 505000 km3, or a layer 1.4 metres thick, evaporates from the oceans annually. Another 72 000 km3 evaporates from the land.

 

About 80 per cent of all precipitation, or about 458000 km3/year, falls on the oceans and the remaining 119 000 km3/year on land. The difference between precipitation on land surfaces and evaporation from those surfaces (119000 km3 minus 72000 km3 annually) is run-off and groundwater recharge — approximately 47 000 km3 annually (Gleick 1993). The figure opposite shows one estimate of the average annual water balance of major continental areas, including precipitation, evaporation and run-off. More than onehalf of all run-off occurs in Asia and South America, and a large fraction occurs in a single river, the Amazon, which carries more than 6 000 km3 of water a year . Source: http://www.unep.org/vitalwater.

 

 

Demand Forecast:-

 

Agriculture is the greatest single worldwide consumer of water (70%), followed by industry (20%) and homes (10%).

 

Minimum water requirement estimate for human health and for economic and social development suggests that a country requires a minimum of 135 litres per person per day. Source : Jonathan Chenoweth, Centre for Environmental Strategy, University of Surrey, UK,

  

In 2030, 47% of world population will be living in areas of high water stress. Most population growth will occur in developing countries, mainly in regions that are already experiencing water stress and in areas with limited access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation facilities. Source: WWDR, 2012

 

Groundwater is used by about two billion people worldwide; making it the single most used natural resource. The estimated annual reduction of groundwater is between 600 and 700 cubic kilometers (billion cubic meters, or billion tonnes). In comparison, the worldwide annual consumption of sand and gravel is about 18 billion tonnes, while worldwide oil consumption is a more 3.5 billion tonnes.


Groundwater is a major source of water for agricultural and industrial purposes, and is an important source of drinking water for many people around the world. Groundwater, although second to rivers as a distributor of fresh water, is much the largest regulator of fresh water resources.


Water - Global Statistics  and Demand for 2025 and 2050


Agriculture is the greatest single worldwide consumer of water (70%), followed by industry (20%) and homes (10%).

1 km3 = 1BCM = 1000 MCM,

1 Tmc  =  28.32 MCM,

 

Rain is the primary source of water for irrigated agriculture and it is the rainfall in the catchment area that finally fills up the dams and reservoirs so vital for irrigation and its rainfall again recharges the ground water.


In 2030, 47% of world population will be living in areas of high water stress. Most population growth will occur in developing countries, mainly in regions that are already experiencing water stress and in areas with limited access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation facilities. Source: WWDR, 2012


Groundwater is used by about two billion people worldwide; making it the single most used natural resource. The estimated annual reduction of groundwater is between 600 and 700 cubic kilometers (billion cubic meters, or billion tonnes). In comparison, the worldwide annual consumption of sand and gravel is about 18 billion tonnes, while worldwide oil consumption is a more 3.5 billion tonnes.

 

Groundwater is a major source of water for agricultural and industrial purposes, and is an important source of drinking water for many people around the world. Groundwater, although second to rivers as a distributor of fresh water, is much the largest regulator of fresh water resources.


Water Contamination



Water pollution is the contamination of natural water bodies by chemical, physical, radioactive or pathogenic microbial substances. Adverse alteration of water quality presently produces large scale illness and deaths.  Source : http://www.eoearth.org/topics/view/58075/


Asbestos, Arsenic, Benzene, Chlorine, Fluoride Haloacetic acid, Heavy Metals, Lead, Mercury, Nitrates, Pesticides,


Industrial wastes, Human Sewages


Oil spills are the harmful release of oil into the environment, usually in the water, sometimes killing area flora and fauna. Oil is the most common pollutant in the oceans. More than 3 million metric tons of oil contaminates the sea every year. The majority of oil pollution in the oceans comes from land. Runoff and waste from cities, industry, and rivers carries oil into the ocean. Ships cause about a third of the oil pollution in the oceans when they wash out their tanks or dump their bilge water. It is an unfortunate by-product of the storage and transportation of oil and petroleum is the occasional spill. Oil spills are very difficult to clean up.  Source: http://saferenvironment.wordpress.com/2008/09/17/oil-spill

 

If you live anywhere near a refinery, factory, chemical plant or dump, chances are you are well aware that your water is a toxic and life-threatening substance.


Solutions:-


Save the water to feed the people.


Save the water to reduce the hunger and poverty.


Safe Drinking water, save million people in year.


How do we reduce the hunger Death and stop the urban migration?


When government implement advance level of rain water harvesting and fulfills the water needs of rural area, the people can produce enough food grains and increase their wealth on its own ground and create employment in rural areas, automatically our rural economical status will grown up, so the hunger death and urban migration can be reduced in future. 



When water is available we will get enough food grains and wealth at anywhere in India. Water can defeat the inflation of food commodities. The food production can overtake the demand, it will chance to get Rs.5 per kg of food grains and vegetable (added with transportation connectivity and Cold storage).  

What is to be done for drinking water? 

We must have responsibility to provide water for all domestic needs to all people in the world. Countries, states, districts and villages must break the mental and physical boundaries and barriers, we should lead priority to release the water to domestic needs before release the water for agricultural usage, it is first important thing. A minimum of 135 Ltrs water needed per person per day (55 M3/ Year/ Person). So calculate the residential water needs, before releasing the water for agriculture and industry needs.

UN has to form International Water distribution organization in all countries, and the organization firm the rules for water distribution or domestic and industrial needs between countries.

All our water distribution calculation must be considering the required drinking water needs of no of people and Livestock (farm animals), who gets water regularly from the  river bed, lakes or ponds.

Demand Forecast:-

At least next 500 years forecast Plan and infrastructure development for water Storage and Distribution systems based on population growth (1000s year old lakes constructed by ancient kings are still providing water to us). 

All governments should clearly forecast and plan to create infrastructure to future water requirement for Irrigation, Domestic and industry needs. 

Thorough demand analysis for next 50 years is the key parameter to plan and act the water saving projects. 

Initiate rivers interlinking projects within the district and State level.

Major part of the monsoon rain water (at least 60%) return to oceans through rivers and canals. 

Rivers cross political boundaries and international cooperation is necessary to share the water resources. Rivers interlinking project must be carrying step by step, like interlink canal for Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri. 

Divide the massive interlink project in to small project groups action within states.

Major part of the monsoon rain water (at least 60%) return to oceans through rivers and canals. 

45% of the rain water can store through check dams systems, 
interconnection of small canals and its  proper yearly restoration

Check Dams and Restoration action:- 

This is the main resource for recharge the ground water and increase the ground water after monsoon season.

We must spend huge investment to construct check dam every 1000 / 2000 mtrs interval in all rivers and canal (including small canals) to increase the ground water level, because 45% of Indians are using ground water for their all needs.  

Check dam is very useful to get drinking water availability, water usage for livestock and agriculture irrigation up to six months after monsoon season. 

All kind of water storage system restoration, at least once in a year, we Endeavor to Increase the depth of all lakes, rivers, canals and small tanks for store additional 20% of capacity.



Waste Water Management:-

75% of used water can be reuse by waste water plant

Precious water was mainly polluted by industrial waste and non availability of sanitation specialties. None of the industries was operated without profit, so first action to stop the all type of water pollution through industrial waste, Strong enforcement action necessary to insure the proper waste water treatments before it pore in to rivers and canals.    

Enforcement system to establish 100% efficient waste water management in all industries (Create law and order must enough strong to protect the water from contamination).

Governments to provide domestic sewage water treatment specialties to all villages and cities insure before it reach sea or rivers.


Groundwater Recharge

We should discover & implement most efficient methods for conservation of irrigation water. Because 70% of water consumed by irrigation.   

Producing 1 kg of grain requires approximately 1,500 litres of water while 1 kg of beef requires 15,000 litres.  Source: WWDR, 2012

Due to climate change, Himalayan snow and ice, which provide vast amounts of water for agriculture in Asia, are expected to decline by 20 percent by 2030. Source: FAO

By : Raaja, Chennai, India.

 

[email protected]


Facebook / Twitter : wfh2025